Spain Flag Coloring Page

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Spain Flag Description

The flag of Spain, commonly known as “La Rojigualda” or “The Red and Gold,” consists of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and red, with the yellow stripe being twice the width of each red stripe. The flag has a proportion of 2:3, meaning that its width is 2/3 of its length.

The origins of the Spanish flag can be traced back to the 18th century when the Bourbon dynasty came to power in Spain. The flag was initially designed to represent the House of Bourbon and was used as a naval ensign. It featured a white field with the coat of arms of the House of Bourbon in the center.

However, during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the flag underwent significant changes. The Republican faction, which opposed the Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco, adopted a new flag known as the “Tricolor.” It consisted of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and purple, with the yellow stripe being the widest. This flag represented the Republican government and its ideals.

After the Nationalist victory in the civil war, General Franco established a dictatorship in Spain. Under his regime, the flag was modified to reflect the nationalist ideology. The purple stripe was removed, and the flag became a simple red and yellow design. The coat of arms was also removed, and the flag became a symbol of Franco’s regime.

Following Franco’s death in 1975 and the subsequent transition to democracy, Spain underwent significant political changes. In 1981, a new constitution was adopted, and the flag was officially recognized as the national flag of Spain. The coat of arms was reintroduced, featuring the Pillars of Hercules, a crown, and the national motto “PLUS ULTRA” (More Beyond).

The current design of the Spanish flag represents the unity and diversity of the Spanish nation. The red and yellow colors are traditional symbols of Spain, dating back to the medieval Kingdom of Aragon and the Crown of Castile. The flag is widely recognized and respected as a symbol of Spanish identity and patriotism.

It is worth noting that the flag of Spain has faced some controversy and criticism, particularly from regional nationalist movements. Some regions, such as Catalonia and the Basque Country, have their own distinct flags and consider the Spanish flag as a symbol of centralism and oppression. However, the flag continues to be a unifying symbol for the majority of Spaniards.

Spain Colored Flag


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