Portugal Flag Coloring Page Download
Portugal Flag Description
The flag of Portugal, also known as the “Bandeira Nacional” or “Flag of the Republic,” is a rectangular flag with a ratio of 2:3. It consists of two vertical bands of green and red, with the national coat of arms centered over the two colors.
The history of the Portuguese flag dates back to the 12th century when the first flag was used during the reign of King Afonso I. This flag featured a white field with a blue cross, symbolizing the Christian faith and the Portuguese connection to the sea. Over the centuries, the flag underwent several modifications, reflecting the political changes and influences of different rulers.
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established itself as a major maritime power, exploring and colonizing various parts of the world. The flag at that time featured the cross of the Order of Christ, a symbol associated with the Portuguese discoveries and the Age of Exploration.
In 1910, Portugal became a republic, and a new flag was adopted to represent the new political regime. The current design, with the green and red vertical bands, was officially established on June 30, 1911. The green color represents hope and the red color symbolizes the courage and bloodshed of the Portuguese people throughout history.
The national coat of arms, positioned over the two colors, consists of a shield with seven castles representing the fortified cities of Portugal and five smaller blue shields with silver bezants, symbolizing the five Moorish kings defeated by King Afonso I. Above the shield, there is a white five-towered mural crown, representing the Portuguese sovereignty.
The flag of Portugal is widely recognized and respected as a symbol of the country’s rich history, maritime heritage, and national identity. It is prominently displayed on public buildings, schools, and during national holidays and events. The flag is also used by Portuguese communities around the world to express their pride and connection to their homeland.